Academic Calendar - 2018

Western University Academic Calendar. - 2018

Courses


Course Numbering

0001-0999* Pre-University level introductory courses
1000-1999 Year 1 courses
2000-4999 Senior-level undergraduate courses
5000-5999 Professional Degree courses in Dentistry, Education, Law, Medicine and Theology (MTS, MDiv)
6000-6999 Courses offered by Continuing Studies
9000-9999 Graduate Studies courses

* These courses are equivalent to pre-university introductory courses and may be counted for credit in the student's record, unless these courses were taken in a preliminary year. They may not be counted toward essay or breadth requirements, or used to meet modular admission requirements unless it is explicitly stated in the Senate-approved outline of the module.


Suffixes

no suffix 1.0 course not designated as an essay course
A 0.5 course offered in first term
B 0.5 course offered in second term
A/B 0.5 course offered in first and/or second term
E 1.0 essay course
F 0.5 essay course offered in first term
G 0.5 essay course offered in second term
F/G 0.5 essay course offered in first and/or second term
H 1.0 accelerated course (8 weeks)
J 1.0 accelerated course (6 weeks)
K 0.75 course
L 0.5 graduate course offered in summer term (May - August)
Q/R/S/T 0.25 course offered within a regular session
U 0.25 course offered in other than a regular session
W/X 1.0 accelerated course (full course offered in one term)
Y 0.5 course offered in other than a regular session
Z 0.5 essay course offered in other than a regular session

Glossary


Prerequisite

A course that must be successfully completed prior to registration for credit in the desired course.


Corequisite

A course that must be taken concurrently with (or prior to registration in) the desired course.


Antirequisite

Courses that overlap sufficiently in course content that both cannot be taken for credit.


Essay Courses

Many courses at Western have a significant writing component. To recognize student achievement, a number of such courses have been designated as essay courses and will be identified on the student's record (E essay full course; F/G/Z essay half-course).


Principal Courses

A first year course that is listed by a department offering a module as a requirement for admission to the module. For admission to an Honors Specialization module or Double Major modules in an Honors Bachelor degree, at least 3.0 courses will be considered principal courses.



Campus





Course Level






Course Type




Geography


An introduction to the study of world regions including an overview of selected thematic regions (e.g., climate, vegetation) and geographic realms. Basic geographic concepts will be highlighted throughout the course. Only for students registered in the Preliminary Year program.

Extra Information: 3 hours.

Course Weight: 1.00
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A systematic descriptive introduction to the diverse elements of landscape including geomorphic, climatic, and biotic elements, human settlement and land-use patterns; cartographic approaches to the analysis of selected processes of landscape change; an introduction to the synthesis of elements and processes in spatial systems models.


Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 1.00
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This course is also offered at:

King's Brescia

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A systematic descriptive introduction to the diverse elements of landscape including geomorphic, climatic, and biotic elements, human settlement and land-use patterns; cartographic approaches to the analysis of selected processes of landscape change; an introduction to the synthesis of elements and processes in spatial systems models.


Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 1.00
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This course is also offered at:

Western Main Campus King's

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A systematic descriptive introduction to the diverse elements of landscape including geomorphic, climatic, and biotic elements, human settlement and land-use patterns; cartographic approaches to the analysis of selected processes of landscape change; an introduction to the synthesis of elements and processes in spatial systems models.


Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 1.00
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This course is also offered at:

Western Main Campus Brescia

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Physical Geography examines the phenomena and processes of the Earth-atmosphere system that underlie human environment interactions and environmental change. Topics include: the atmosphere and fundamentals of weather and climate, water in the environment, Earth surface processes and biogeography.

Antirequisite(s): Geography 1100, Geography 2131A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course introduces students to the central problems, concepts, methods and applications of human geography. It pays particular attention to the ways humans interact with the world; for example, population growth, use of natural resources, culturally-based activities, urbanization and settlements, agricultural activities, and industrialization.

Antirequisite(s): Geography 1100.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Examines environmental change over long periods of earth history, considering both physical processes and human impacts. An integrative approach provides a basis for understanding some of the world's most pressing environment and development challenges, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, climate change, energy consumption, and persistent hunger and malnourishment.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An overview of the regional geography of Canada. Topics considered may include demographics, culture, the economy, resources and environmental issues.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A detailed examination of the province as part of the Great Lakes region, with special reference to its historical development, natural resources and patterns of human and economic activity.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course provides an introduction to the geography of Latin America and the Caribbean by examining how struggles for land, resources and labour have driven political, economic, social and environmental change in the region, from the European Conquest to the present.

Extra Information: 3 hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course provides an introduction to the geography of Africa south of the Sahara. The course will take a systematic approach. Economic, political, social and environmental issues will be examined with a focus on contemporary patterns of change within the context of the global economy.

Extra Information: 2 hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An introduction to the region. Issues examined include ethnic relationships, social structure, population distribution, environmental awareness and resource utilization.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course adopts a geographic approach to understanding contemporary China. It examines how transformations of China's land, people, economy, and society are recasting internal regional divisions and repositioning China in a rapidly changing world.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An introduction to the geography of Russia and its neighbours with an emphasis on the Soviet legacy. Topics covered will include resource and environmental issues, culture and nationalism, the economy and demographics.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Investigation of geographical factors in the political, economic and social patterns of Western Europe; selected themes and case studies.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A global perspective on urbanism. In each session a selected city is used to emphasize a particular urban problem, urban spatial structure or world region.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course introduces students to the interactions between rivers, their physiographic environments, and human activities.

Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2071A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 practical work hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Survey of human activity in outer space, including history of spaceflight, scientific exploration, economic and military uses of space, natural resources and hazards, legal and ethical implications, and plausible future developments.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A field-trip based course exploring the history and patterns of the geology, physical landscapes and resources of southwestern Ontario. Usually offered in the first half of the Fall semester; four mandatory, full day field excursions (transportation fee required) supported by a weekly lecture.

Antirequisite(s): Earth Sciences 2130Y.

Extra Information: Limited enrollment with preference given to students registered in a Major in Geography or Physical Geography; recommended to be taken in second year.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An examination of the characteristics, origins and history of selected natural environments with particular reference to North America.

Antirequisite(s): Geography 1300A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course uses online digital imagery and topography to access, analyze and interpret Earth surface landscapes and landscape change. Students are introduced to the use of digital landscapes, images and visualization software to explore and analyze the origin and development of selected landscapes in response to natural and human forces.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course examines the processes that underlie natural and human-induced climate change at global and regional scales and describes the resultant climates that have existed, those projected to occur in the future, and what impacts climate change has and will have on the physical and human environment.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An exploration of the geographical setting in which political decisions are taken. The history of the rise and fall of centres of power, the rise of supranational entities, ethnic wars, and the impermanence of international boundaries will be discussed.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Geographical theories of local and international trade; relationships between the location of production and flows of goods, services and factors of production among countries and regions; the geographical patterns of world commerce.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Examination of tourism as a global, national and local phenomenon, with economic, social, and environmental impacts; emphasis on tourism in developing countries; hosts, guests, and tourism operators; tourism trends; mass versus alternative tourism; relationship between 'ecotourism' and nature protection.

Antirequisite(s): the former Geography 2144F/G.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A survey of the methods and models used to understand human responses to hazards. The course reviews the rich tradition of hazards research in geography, particularly through the lens of social science. The course will include discussions of both so-called "natural hazards" (e.g., floods, fires, earthquakes) and "technological hazards" (e.g., nuclear technology, genetically modified organisms, terrorism, war) as examples.

Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2152A/B.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The human uses of and impacts on environment and resources; the concept of sustainability; current resource issues.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Investigates the fast-changing geographies of animals in relation to global environmental change. The initial focus is on extinctions, endangerment, and broad population declines occurring among many wild animal species. The subsequent focus is on the soaring populations and conditions of life for a few species of domesticated animals.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Principles and processes of land use planning for urban and regional development; current issues and case studies.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An introduction to the nature of geographical data and the application of quantitative and statistical techniques and computing systems to spatial analysis; models of spatial data, probability, distributions, hypothesis testing and correlations.


Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Fundamental concepts, geographic information representation and spatial data entry. Basic spatial analysis and remote sensing. Practical skills developed through use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or registration in a module in Science or in Engineering, in the Major in Physical Geography, or in the Commercial Aviation Management program in MOS.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Introduction to the principles, techniques, and geographic applications of remote sensing systems. Computer processing of remote sensing digital data. Interface of remote sensing data with geographic information systems.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or registration in a module in Science or in Engineering, in the Major in Physical Geography, or in the Commercial Aviation Management program in MOS.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Introduction to cartographic theory, map design and drafting, including practical experience with many methods of graphic representation of spatial data.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography; or registration in the Commercial Aviation Management program in MOS.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Fundamentals of the physical processes underlying weather and climate; radiant energy, energy balances, clouds, atmospheric dynamics and thermodynamics; principles of the "Greenhouse Effect", mid-latitude cyclones and aspects of weather forecasting, severe weather phenomenon and atmospheric optics.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B; or 0.5 course from Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Calculus, Environmental Science or Physics at 1000-1999 level; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Spatial distributions of plants and animals; evolutionary and environmental controls on distributions; impacts of human settlement.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Water and sediment cycles at the earth's surface and explanation of the resultant landforms; examples of response to environmental change; selected applications to environmental management.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B (taken after September 2012); or 0.5 course from Earth Sciences 1022A/B, Earth Sciences 1070A/B, Earth Sciences 1081A/B, or Environmental Science 1021F/G; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A geographical investigation of the links between spatial change and social processes. Selected topics will focus on the ways social relations, identities and inequalities are created and practiced over space, with examples from Canadian and international contexts.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G, or enrolment in any of the Global Culture Studies modules.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The consequences of physical environmental change for Indigenous communities around the globe will be examined in relation to the processes of colonialism and environmental dispossession. Topics include: identity, culture, local economies, social functioning, food security and health.

Antirequisite(s): First Nations Studies 2601F/G.


Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The forces reshaping global economic geography; fundamentals of spatial economics; principles of locational decisions; spatial interaction; and growth of spatial economic systems are examined. Examples of these concepts are taken from a variety of countries.


Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course introduces students to current issues in public health and the environment. Theory, method and case study discussions focus on the important role of geography in understanding and explaining patterns of diseases, health and health care in communities, regions and nations.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; Health Sciences 1001A/B and Health Sciences 1002A/B; Sociology 1020, Sociology 1021E, 1025A/B, 1026F/G, 1027A/B or enrolment in the Major in Ecosystem Health or in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A geographical introduction to natural resources and their management; juxtaposition of global and Canadian resources and environmental conditions and the human management response.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G, or enrolment in any of the Global Development Studies modules.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Growth, structure and morphology in industrial and post-industrial cities; theories of, and empirical research on, urban form and structure; land development decision making; development feasibility modelling; urban land-use policy.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, Geography 1300A/B, Geography 1400F/G, Geography 1500F/G, Geography 2131A/B, Geography 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G, or Economics 1021A/B or Economics 1022A/B, or enrolment in any of the Global Development Studies or Globalization Studies modules.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Departmental field trips to develop student skills in field-based observation, data collection and recording, and analysis and interpretation of human and physical landscapes.

Antirequisite(s): Geography 3001F/G.

Prerequisite(s): 3rd year status in any module in the Department of Geography except the minor; limited enrolment. Priority given to Specialization and Honors Specialization students.

Extra Information: Sessions and dates by arrangements. Students should be prepared to meet the necessary travel and living expenses.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This is an advanced community-based experiential course that combines in-class discussions with community based research. Students will train in methodologies and ethics of working with First Nations communities. Areas of research may include but not limited to ecological restoration, land claims, self-government, education, health and wellness and urban issues. Antirequisites: Geography 3000Y, First Nations Studies 4023F/G.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of the Department and 3rd or 4th year status in any Specialization or Honors Specialization module in the Department of Geography.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Simple parametric and nonparametric statistical methods through multiple regression are introduced. Exploratory data analysis techniques are examined as a supplement to more traditional statistical methods. Geography specific techniques are also presented.

Antirequisite(s): All other senior level statistics courses numbered 2000 or above.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2210A/B or Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B and enrolment in a geography program or permission from the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Topics include exploratory spatial data analysis, global and local spatial statistics, spatial autocorrelation and interpolation, spatial regression models, and geographically weighted regression. The emphasis will be on developing analytical skills with practical applications using statistical software and Geographic Information Systems.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University, Geography 2220A/B and one of Geography 2210A/B, Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B, or other equivalent, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 lab hours. Limited enrollment.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The application of general principles of scientific modelling and visualization to geographic problems using a GIS and other relevant spatial information processing systems. Seminar/studio format with individual or team student projects.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2220A/B.

Extra Information: 3 seminar hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Methods and techniques in Geographic Information Science. Spatial data encoding from maps and geographic database implementation. Spatial interpolation and other modeling techniques. Integration of remote sensing, GIS and Visualization. Hands-on experience using ESRI, ArcGIS software.


Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Principles of integrating GIS and Decision Analysis. Selected GIS-based decision-making techniques are applied in practical sessions. A range of applications from both public and private sector organizations are covered.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2220A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 practical work hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Themes to be considered may include: advanced computer analysis of digital satellite and airborne data (optical, infrared and radar), advanced image classification methods, texture analysis, change detection, automatic linear feature extraction, structural pattern recognition and remote sensing applications. Remote sensing software will be used in lab.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2230A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A survey of a range of social scientific methods for studying humans (e.g., interviews, questionnaires); with an emphasis on research designs involving human interaction. Topics include identifying research problems, questions and designs, sources of error, ethics and values in research, methods of data collection, data analysis and presentation of findings.

Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2250A/B.

Prerequisite(s): Two full courses in Geography and third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Examination of spatially and temporally distributed environmental models that use Geographic Information Systems and remote sensing techniques. Modelling of watershed systems, focusing on the energy, water, and biogeochemical cycles. Prediction of environmental and/or ecological change on watershed systems.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University including Geography 2210A/B, Geography 2220A/B and at least one of Geography 2310A/B, Geography 2320A/B, Geography 2330A/B or the former Geography 2340A/B, or equivalent.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 practical hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Principles of weather and climate at micro-, local, and meso-scales; processes associated with transfer of heat, mass, and momentum and resulting climates near the surface; local winds, fog, urban climates and air pollution.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, Geography 2320A/B or Geography 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program. (A 1000-1099 level course in Applied Mathematics, Mathematics, or Physics is also recommended).

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Analysis of drainage basin form and process, including fluvial processes on hillslopes, channel networks, the drainage basin sediment cascade, response of drainage basins to environmental change and selected applications to drainage basin management.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, Geography 2320A/B or Geography 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The geomorphology of rivers, including fluvial hydraulics, fluvial erosion and sediment transport, river channel morphology and dynamics, channel and floodplain sedimentation, the response of rivers to human activities and environmental change, and applications to river channel management.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, Geography 2320A/B or Geography 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The relationship between rainfall and runoff, including the influence of vegetation and soil-water systems; runoff from snow and ice; the hydrological role of lakes and rivers.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, Geography 2320A/B or Geography 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The distribution and movement of groundwater; evaluation and monitoring of groundwater resources with respect to their extraction, pollution and remediation.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, Geography 2320A/B or Geography 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course introduces students to riverine ecosystems. General principles of the physical, chemical and biological patterns and processes of river systems are presented in a landscape context. The course emphasizes human driven landscape changes in the health and sustainability of river systems and teaches techniques for river monitoring and assessment.


Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The evidence, causes, and chronology of environmental change, with emphasis on the Holocene in North America.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, Geography 2320A/B or Geography 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course provides students with an introduction to paleolimnology, which uses the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of lake sediments to determine past environments.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, Geography 2320A/B or Geography 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program, or Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2485A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An examination of contemporary theories in cultural geography - ideology, identity, power, and space - and their application to contemporary issues such as class, consumption, gender, media, and racism. Emphasis is placed upon understanding and critiquing the social and political processes giving rise to cultural practices in their spatial contexts.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University. Two full courses in Geography or equivalent, or enrolment in the Minor in Environment and Culture, in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An examination of the spaces of masculinity and femininity; theories, concepts and selected topics. Issues addressed include spatial divisions of gender and social constructions of male and female roles and places.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Law influences and sometimes determines spatial and environmental relations and, dialectically, these transform law. This course introduces geographic approaches, such as impact analysis, class and gender studies and discourse analysis, to law. It surveys topics such as the spacing of urbanism and social, cultural and environmental regulation.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 seminar hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A geographic investigation of urban culture focusing on the design, use and identities of urban public spaces as evidenced through systematic observations of social life in urban public settings. Relevant concepts, theories, and field methods are applied to guide and critique the investigation.

Prerequisite(s): Two full courses in Geography and third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An examination of public and private facility location theory. Industrial location, retailing and public facility location approaches are discussed. GIS-based techniques for location analysis are applied in practical sessions.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2220A/B or Geography 2420A/B or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 practical work hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An examination of the spatial behavior of large corporations and the impact on regional economics. Investment pattern, interorganizational linkages and organizational change will be discussed.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2420A/B, or Geography 2143A/B with a grade of at least 70%, or enrolment in the Bachelor of Management and Organizational Studies.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 seminar hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A critical examination of the major themes in the geography of health and health care. The focus will be on the importance of understanding place, space and environment as they relate to health. Geographical aspects of health inequalities, access and utilization will be explored.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2430A/B or a related 2000-level course in Health Sciences, Sociology or Psychology, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This is a survey course regarding the links between human health and environmental hazard exposure. Issues will include the health impacts of water pollution, air pollution, solid and hazardous waste, toxic substances, pesticides and radiation. The limitations of models and methods are discussed.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Examines struggles between conservation and economic development in a North-South context, setting the transformation of natural ecosystems and impoverishment of biodiversity in a political economic context that includes disparities in wealth, consumption, and 'ecological footprints'.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University. Two full courses in Geography or equivalent, or enrolment in the Minor in Environment and Culture, in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A thematic course on the geography of development. Common explanations for poverty and underdevelopment are critically assessed. Covers a range of scales (local, national, international, global) to demonstrate how processes operating at various scales interact to produce uneven geographical outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University. Two full courses in Geography or equivalent, or enrolment in the Minor in Environment and Culture, in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course investigates the political ecology of energy. Issues of politics and power, social equity, and environmental impact are examined through Canadian and international case studies. The concept of 'energy justice' is used both to critically assess current patterns of energy production and use and to explore more sustainable possibilities.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Food is a basic human need and agriculture is one of the most fundamental ways that societies interact with their habitats. This course examines the diversity of world agriculture and the rise of a dominant industrial system, focusing on both the social and environmental dimensions of agrarian change.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Critical examination of current land use and development projects; students are required actively to participate in the discussions.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 seminar hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Basic techniques for preparing, implementing, and applying land use plans and zoning controls.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 seminar hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course explores the geography of housing in North American cities from an historical perspective, with a detailed investigation of the effects of land development, construction, financing, planning, public policy, demographics and lifestyle changes on the production and consumption of residential landscapes.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The object of the course is to expose students to the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of urban form and structure. A major focus is on static development feasibility models and their application to understanding urban change. The course provides a hands-on experience for students to build financial feasibility models of urban developments.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2460F/G. Business Administration 2257 is strongly recommended.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course examines policies used in economic development to ensure growth and competitiveness of urban economies. Topics include theories of urban economic development, analytical techniques for evaluating urban economies, business recruitment and retention policies, creative economy and quality of life policies, technology policies, and place-based economic development policies.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status; At least one of Geography 1400F/G, Geography 2210A/B, Geography 2220A/B, Geography 2420A/B or Geography 2460F/G.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course introduces students to the geography of urban transportation from a behavioral perspective. The course has three components: developing theories, constructing analytical models, and conducting empirical tests of the concepts and theories. Case studies will cover various modes of transportation: air, railway, bus, ocean freight, and private vehicle.


Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lab/tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Preparatory workshops and an 8-16 month placement with a government, private sector or non-governmental organization to acquire professional learning experience. Following the internship, students will produce a written report and do an oral presentation on work undertaken during the internship.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of second year of a Geography Honors program with a minimum average of 70%. Participation in preparatory workshops.

Extra Information: Non-credit.. Pass/Fail. Notes: ·This credit cannot be included in the number of courses counted towards any degree or program. ·Successful completion of Geography 3900 will be recognized on a student's transcript. ·International students may participate in this course provided they find an Internship placement in a jurisdiction where they are legally permitted to work.

Course Weight: 0
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Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.

Prerequisite(s): Two full courses or equivalent in Geography. Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.

Prerequisite(s): Two full courses or equivalent in Geography. Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 4 hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Discussion of geographical paradigms within an historical and social context. A central concern is the relationship between the academic and professional practice of geography.

Prerequisite(s): Fourth year status, and enrolment in a Specialization, Major or Honors Specialization in the Department of Geography.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This advanced seminar focuses on effective strategies for the implementation of constructive change. Core constructs are examined and students use a variety of media to develop skill sets related to the facilitation of constructive change. A heavy premium is placed on active engagement both individually and in group activities.

Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 3452A/B.

Prerequisite(s): Two full courses or equivalent in Geography. Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course explores the challenges and opportunities of citizens' production, access, dissemination and use of Internet-based geospatial data (the geoweb) including locational and still/video imagery. Explores issues of ethics, privacy, research design and citizen engagement via the geoweb.

Prerequisite(s): Fourth year status and Geography 2220A/B, or permission of instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The object of the course is to expose students to the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of urban form and structure. A major focus is on understanding the theories, acquiring the techniques to test the theories, and critiquing the approaches employed for the empirical tests.

Antirequisite(s): MOS 4314F/G.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2210A/B, MOS 2242A/B, Statistical Sciences 2035 or equivalent and 4th year standing in any Geography or MOS modules.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A thesis on a geographical problem including the results of field work, cartographic representation, and a study of the relevant literature.

Prerequisite(s): 4th year status, and enrolment in an Honors program with a specialization or major in the Department of Geography.

Extra Information: Hours by arrangement.

Course Weight: 1.50
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A thesis on a geographical problem in the natural, physical or technical sciences.

Prerequisite(s): Fourth year status, and enrolment in an Honors program with a Specialization or Major in the Department of Geography.

Extra Information: Hours by arrangement.

Course Weight: 1.50
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