Academic Calendar - 2023

Western University Academic Calendar. - 2023


Course Numbering

0001-0999* Pre-University level introductory courses
1000-1999 Year 1 courses
2000-4999 Senior-level undergraduate courses
5000-5999 Professional Degree courses in Dentistry, Education, Law, Medicine and Theology (MTS, MDiv)
6000-6999 Courses offered by Continuing Studies
9000-9999 Graduate Studies courses

* These courses are equivalent to pre-university introductory courses and may be counted for credit in the student's record, unless these courses were taken in a preliminary year. They may not be counted toward essay or breadth requirements, or used to meet modular admission requirements unless it is explicitly stated in the Senate-approved outline of the module.


no suffix 1.0 course not designated as an essay course
A 0.5 course offered in first term
B 0.5 course offered in second term
A/B 0.5 course offered in first and/or second term
E 1.0 essay course
F 0.5 essay course offered in first term
G 0.5 essay course offered in second term
F/G 0.5 essay course offered in first and/or second term
H 1.0 accelerated course (8 weeks)
J 1.0 accelerated course (6 weeks)
K 0.75 course
L 0.5 graduate course offered in summer term (May - August)
Q/R/S/T 0.25 course offered within a regular session
U 0.25 course offered in other than a regular session
W/X 1.0 accelerated course (full course offered in one term)
Y 0.5 course offered in other than a regular session
Z 0.5 essay course offered in other than a regular session



A course that must be successfully completed prior to registration for credit in the desired course.


A course that must be taken concurrently with (or prior to registration in) the desired course.


Courses that overlap sufficiently in course content that both cannot be taken for credit.

Essay Courses

Many courses at Western have a significant writing component. To recognize student achievement, a number of such courses have been designated as essay courses and will be identified on the student's record (E essay full course; F/G/Z essay half-course).

Principal Courses

A first year course that is listed by a department offering a module as a requirement for admission to the module. For admission to an Honours Specialization module or Double Major modules in an Honours Bachelor degree, at least 3.0 courses will be considered principal courses.


Course Level

Course Type

Physiology and Pharmacology

Students will study the physiological processes and pharmacological treatments of nerve, muscle, central nervous system, renal, cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, reproductive and gastrointestinal control systems as they function in living humans, under both healthy and diseased conditions.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours/week. Recommended background: any 1000-level course in biology, and any 1000-level course in chemistry.

Course Weight: 1.00
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A laboratory course that introduces students to research techniques, methodologies, data analysis and scientific communication. Students will select different experiments covering the major systems in the human body and examine them from a physiological or pharmacological perspective. This course is intended for students interested in physiology and/or pharmacology.

Prerequisite(s): Biochemistry 2280A; either Chemistry 2213A/B or Chemistry 2273A; one of Physics 1201A/B, Physics 1501A/B, the former Physics 1028A/B, the former Physics 1301A/B; and 1.0 course from: Applied Mathematics 1201A/B, Calculus 1000A/B, Calculus 1301A/B, Calculus 1500A/B, Calculus 1501A/B, Mathematics 1600A/B. Integrated Science 1001X can be used as a prerequisite in place of Calculus 1301A/B. A minimum average of 75% in the Fall/Winter of the most recent academic year is required. Open only to students who are registered in Years 3 or 4. Pre-or Corequisite(s): Either Physiology 3120 or Pharmacology 3620 (Physiology 3120 is strongly recommended).

Extra Information: 3 lecture/laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 1.00
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This course will cover gastrointestinal secretion, motility, digestion, absorption, hepatic and pancreatic physiology. Specific areas will include: gut-brain-liver axis and nutrient metabolism, exocrine and endocrine pancreas, liver and lipid metabolism. Relevant pathologies and disease states, including obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome along with current therapeutic strategies will be covered.

Antirequisite(s): the former Pharmacology 4100A/B, Physiology 4100A/B.

Prerequisite(s): Physiology 3120.

Extra Information: Blended course. 2 hours (lecture or equivalent online delivery plus in-person discussion).

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course examines the use of traditional and emerging models to study developmental and disease processes. From transgenic mice, to CRISPR-Cas9, to rapid screening of drugs for pharmaceutical testing, the understanding of how model systems can be utilized in the sciences to evaluate developmental and environmental disorders will be explored.

Antirequisite(s): The former Physiology 4640A/B.

Prerequisite(s): Physiology 3140A.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will provide an overview of the development and biology of skeletal tissues, introduce current techniques used to study skeletal physiology and examine the biological bases of common musculoskeletal diseases and their treatments.

Antirequisite(s): The former Physiology 4530A/B.

Prerequisite(s): Physiology 3120, Physiology 3140A and Physiology and Pharmacology 3000E; or Physiology 3120 (with a mark of at least 75%) and Physiology 3140A.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Students will investigate the neurobiology of aging. Topics include causes of brain aging; comparing pathological versus normal brain aging; reviewing current models of origins and progression of diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s; examining translational work in non-human models; and discuss the future of biomarkers and treatments for age related diseases.

Prerequisites(s): (Either Physiology 3120 or Pharmacology 3620, and one of Physiology 3140A or Biology 3316A/B) or (Neuroscience 2000 and Physiology 3140A and registration in Year 4 of an Honours Specialization in Neuroscience).

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Topic(s) will reflect an area of interest in Physiology and Pharmacology, and may vary each year. Prior to registration, check with the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology for the selected topic.

Prerequisite(s): Physiology 3120 or Pharmacology 3620.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A major laboratory project in Physiology or Pharmacology, which emphasizes experimental design, instrumentation, collection and analysis of data and communication of experimental results by oral, poster and written presentations. Students will select the physiology or pharmacology project from a list provided by the department and be matched to a supervisor.

Prerequisite(s): Physiology and Pharmacology 3000E; Physiology 3120 and 3140A; and registration in Year 4 of one of the following Honours Specialization modules: Pharmacology, Physiology or Physiology and Pharmacology.

Extra Information: Minimum 15 laboratory hours per week plus 2 seminar hours in alternate weeks.

Course Weight: 1.50
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Laboratory course intended for students interested in pursuing graduate-level research in Physiology and/or Pharmacology, including lectures on experimental design, statistical analysis, oral and written scientific communication, critical evaluation of scientific literature, and preparation of grant proposals; literature review of research area; attending research seminars; development of an independent research project.

Antirequisite(s): the former Pharmacology 4999E, the former Physiology 4999E.

Prerequisite(s): Physiology and Pharmacology 4980E; and permission of the department.

Extra Information: 12 laboratory hours per week, 2 hours per week in class.

Course Weight: 1.00
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