Enrolment in this module is limited. Meeting the minimum requirements does not guarantee that students who wish to enroll will be accepted.
Completion of first-year requirements with no failures. Students must have an average of at least 75% with no mark less than 70% in 3.0 principal courses, including the following 2.5 courses: Economics 1021A/B and Economics 1022A/B; Political Science 1020E; and 1.0 Philosophy course at the 1000 level, plus 2.0 additional courses at the 1000 level. Students must have successfully completed one of: Calculus 1000A/B, or Calculus 1500A/B with a mark of at least 60%.
Students may be admitted to the module if they have completed the calculus requirement and at least 2.0 of the required 3.0 principal courses. Students must complete the remaining 1.0 principal course within 12 months after entering the module.
0.5 course: Politics, Philosophy, and Economics 2200F/G (normally taken in the first year of the module).
2.0 courses: Economics 2222A/B, Economics 2223A/B, Economics 2260A/B, Economics 2261A/B* (normally taken in the first year of the module).
1.0 course: Political Science 2237E.
1.0 course: Philosophy 2700F/G (recommended), Philosophy 2200F/G, Philosophy 2202F/G or Philosophy 2500F/G.
1.0 course: Politics, Philosophy, and Economics 4100E.
3.5 courses numbered 2200 or higher from at least two of the three PPE disciplines (Philosophy, Political Science, and Economics). At least 2.0 of these 3.5 courses must be numbered 3000 and higher.
Students are advised to consult the Undergraduate Office in the Department of Economics for more detailed information about the module.
*Students who have taken a 1.0 or 0.5 credit course in introductory statistics at the 2100 level or higher in the Department of Statistical and Actuarial Sciences can substitute that course for Economics 2222A/B towards the module requirements (exception: if the statistics course is being used in another module, no credit overlap is allowed, and students are required to replace Economics 2222A/B with another 0.5 course in Economics at the 2200 level or higher). Students who have completed any other introductory statistics course listed as an antirequisite to Economics 2222A/B must replace Economics 2222A/B with 0.5 course in Economics at the 2200 or 3000 level.
Courses counted towards this module may not be counted towards another module. If you are interested in adding a second module that requires overlapping courses, consult the department about how that issue can be resolved.
Note: Many of the intermediate and upper level courses that can count towards this module have prerequisites. Students should carefully plan their programs of study accordingly.