Professional Degree courses in Dentistry, Education, Law, Medicine and Theology (MTS, MDiv)
Courses offered by Continuing Studies
Graduate Studies courses
* These courses are equivalent to pre-university introductory courses and may be counted for credit in the student's record, unless these courses were taken in a preliminary year. They may not be counted toward essay or breadth requirements, or used to meet modular admission requirements unless it is explicitly stated in the Senate-approved outline of the module.
1.0 course not designated as an essay course
0.5 course offered in first term
0.5 course offered in second term
0.5 course offered in first and/or second term
1.0 essay course
0.5 essay course offered in first term
0.5 essay course offered in second term
0.5 essay course offered in first and/or second term
1.0 accelerated course (8 weeks)
1.0 accelerated course (6 weeks)
0.5 graduate course offered in summer term (May - August)
0.25 course offered within a regular session
0.25 course offered in other than a regular session
1.0 accelerated course (full course offered in one term)
0.5 course offered in other than a regular session
0.5 essay course offered in other than a regular session
A course that must be successfully completed prior to registration for credit in the desired course.
A course that must be taken concurrently with (or prior to registration in) the desired course.
Courses that overlap sufficiently in course content that both cannot be taken for credit.
Many courses at Western have a significant writing component. To recognize student achievement, a number of such courses have been designated as essay courses and will be identified on the student's record (E essay full course; F/G/Z essay half-course).
A first year course that is listed by a department offering a module as a requirement for admission to the module. For admission to an Honors Specialization module or Double Major modules in an Honors Bachelor degree, at least 3.0 courses will be considered principal courses.
Taught by several Law Faculty members, this introduction to Canadian law covers the basic legal areas of most relevance in modern society and also focuses on current controversial issues. Topics may include the legal profession, constitutional law including the Charter, criminal law, commercial and consumer law, property, torts, and family law.
Antirequisite(s): Registration in the JD Program in the Faculty of Law; Law 2201A/B.
Taught by several Law Faculty members, this introduction to Canadian public law covers the basic legal areas of most relevance to the relationship between the individual and society and to the roles of different governments. Topics may include an introduction to the Canadian legal system, constitutional law including the Charter, criminal law, aboriginal law, Canadian human rights, and international law.
Antirequisite(s): Registration in the JD program in the Faculty of Law; Law 2101.
A survey of the law governing the provision of treatment, counseling and care in Ontario. Topics and issues may include capacity to consent, negligence, documentation, confidentiality, disclosure, mandatory reporting and health information privacy legislation.
Antirequisite(s): Registration in the JD program in the Faculty of Law; Health Sciences 4090A/B, section 002, if taken in 2011-12.
A survey of the fundamentals of Canadian constitutional law including the essentials of federalism, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and Aboriginal and treaty rights. Emphasis is placed on the constitution's structure and principles; the rule of law; the Crown and branches of government; judicial review and constitutional interpretation; the place of Indigenous law in Canadian constitutionalism; and emerging issues.
An introduction to the law of concerning binding obligations voluntarily entered into, commonly called contracts. The following concepts are covered: how contracts are created; the problems in the contractual relationship; and remedies for breach of contract.
Through a combination of lectures, small-group instruction and assignments, students will learn the foundations of Canadian Law, to plan and conduct library and computer-assisted legal research, to analyze cases and statutes, to write legal memoranda using proper citation, and the fundamentals of written and oral advocacy.
This course consists of two parts: the law of personal property, and the possession and ownership of land. After exploring selected aspects of personal property, the following topics are covered: the origin of interests in land; the concepts of estates and future interests; fees, tenancies and rights in the land of another; and land ownership and family obligations.
The law of torts is concerned with the compensation of a wide range of civil wrongs. The focus of this course is on the legal rules governing the tort of negligence. Other topics which may be examined include the intentional torts, nuisance, strict liability, defences, the assessment of damages and modern alternatives to tort law such as statutory compensation.
This blended course provides background for the study of law and an introduction to the Canadian legal system. Learning modules include elements of the modern legal system; statutory interpretation; alternative dispute resolution; the position of Aboriginal Peoples within the legal system; the implementation of international law into domestic law; various legal theories and perspectives and their application.
A study of the statutory and common law procedural protections governing the manner in which administrative decisions are made, and judicial review of the decisions of tribunals and other public authorities. The impact of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Canadian Bill of Rights is also considered.
Students may seek additional credit for a research project undertaken in a particular course, that extends beyond the normal course requirements. Approval of the project and credits must be obtained from the instructor and the Academic Policy and Programs Committee.
An introduction to the administration of justice in Canada, with emphasis on the adversary system, and the roles of the participants in a civil proceeding. Preparation of a civil action from initial activity to a trial, as well as some issues arising at and after trial will be considered.
This course deals with the jurisprudential basis for the existence and control of corporations, including relevant fiduciary obligations. The course critically examines the legal implications of carrying on commercial activity in the corporate form and includes some comparison with non-profit bodies corporate and other non-corporate methods of carrying on business.
Public international law is the system of norms, rules, procedures and institutions that regulates the interaction between states, between states and institutions such as the United Nations, and increasingly between states and individuals. Four credits, one term.
This course examines the key principles of environmental law as well as their development and enforcement. The common law, domestic statute law, and international law pertaining to various environmental problems will be discussed. Specific topics may include atmospheric pollution, climate change, the control of hazardous waste, biodiversity, and ozone depletion.
This course will introduce students to the legal principles and policies governing the healthcare system in Canada. It is also designed to assist students in developing effective research and writing skills. Course materials will be presented in seminars by the instructor and guest speakers.
A course which examines the current social problems of the poor and studies the attempts made by our legal system to provide solutions to these problems. The social problems will include the low-income person, the single parent, the homeless, the disabled, the unemployed, and the elderly.
Examines the interaction of Aboriginal peoples with the Crown, municipalities, resource companies, and other Canadians having regard to common law and Constitutional rights. Topics covered include Aboriginal rights to land, treaty rights, Aboriginal law making, the relationship between the Crown and Aboriginal peoples, and processes for resolving Aboriginal claims.
This course considers the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms at an advanced level, providing students with an opportunity to examine the Charter rights and the concept of judicial review in greater detail than in the first year course on Constitutional Law. Specific topics will vary from year to year.
This course examines federalism at an advanced level, providing students with an opportunity to examine current federalism issues in greater detail than during the first year constitutional law course. Comparative studies of other constitutional arrangements will be made where appropriate.
This course examines a range of issues related to constitutionalism and the rule of law, focusing on the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and drawing on comparative constitutional law. A variety of current controversies are addressed, aided by studying works by leading scholars of law, politics, and philosophy.
This course studies the role of human rights and equality law in Ontario and Canada. It examines the development, interpretation and enforcement of Canadian human rights legislation, with a primary emphasis on the Ontario Human Rights Code. It also considers the equality provision of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The course will focus on Canadian media law. Media law brings together elements from a number of different areas - most prominently criminal law, constitutional law and the law of torts. Media law applies equally to all media of communication. The course is organized around four key concepts: freedoms of expression and the Constitution, state security and public order, free expression and the courts, and free expression and private rights.
This seminar course addresses the ways in which sex discrimination has (and has not) been conceptualized and remedied in Canadian law. The course materials engage questions about the nature of sex discrimination and equality rights, and debates about the kinds of legal interventions and remedies most conducive to achieving gender equality.
This seminar course is designed to give students an opportunity to study a range of issues in the criminal law area in greater depth than is possible in the basic Criminal Law. The particular topics covered will vary from year to year. Examples include theft and related offences, other specific offences and defences. A sound grasp of criminal law principles will be assumed.
Students participate in simulated exercises conducting interviews, plea negotiations, examinations-in-chief, cross-examinations, closing arguments, and speaking to sentence. The course also examines the lawyer/client relationship and professional and ethical issues arising in the practice of criminal law.
A basic survey of the criminal procedure, including consideration of the impact of the Charter of Rights. The course is divided into four areas: jurisdiction, pre-trial procedures, the trial process and post-trial remedies. Specific topics may include arrest, search and seizure, bail, disclosure, pleadings, preliminary hearings, plea bargaining, appeals and extraordinary remedies.
This course provides a unique opportunity to observe the inner workings of Ontario's main criminal trial court. Students work for their supervising justice throughout the normal working day, observing proceedings and refining their legal research and writing skills.
Students will learn the substantive and procedural aspects of regulatory offences. The course has a practical focus, examining matters which arise before administrative tribunals, law enforcement agencies and the courts. It also covers the gathering of evidence and the unique nature of strict liability prosecutions.
A seminar course which examines the philosophical dimensions of punishment and the legal framework of sentencing in Canada. It is divided into four main components: theories of punishment, the methodology of sentencing, sentencing options, and special issues such as the treatment of Aboriginal offenders.
This seminar course is designed to give the students an opportunity to study a range of issues in the family law area in greater depth than is possible in the Family or Children's Law courses. The particular topics covered vary and will be determined by the instructor each term.
An interdisciplinary course that examines the situations in which children come into contact with the law and evaluates whether the law is an effective instrument for social regulation or impedes the orderly development of society.
The course examines the legal problems relating to the formation of de facto families, entry into the married state, the law as it affects husband and wife and their children throughout the term of the marriage, the divorce law, and legal problems which may arise upon dissolution of the marriage.
The course provides a practical consideration of historical, constitutional and policy considerations in the application of the Immigration Act. Considerable emphasis will be given to the position of Visitors and Refugees. Grounds of exclusion and removal, detention, inquiries, appeals, judicial review, and Minister's Permits are also covered.
his course is an introduction to international environmental law and policy. This course will consider the creation and development of international environmental law, examine specific regimes of international environmental protection, and conclude by exploring the relationship between international environmental law and other legal regimes.
This course examines international criminal law relating to genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, terrorism, aggression and torture and the international criminal tribunals mandated to prosecute these crimes. It also explores international criminal responsibility, defences, immunities, procedures, sentencing and the role of justice in securing peace.
This course examines the role of international law in defining and protecting a broad range of individual and group rights, including the rights of indigenous peoples. It provides an introduction to the law and practice of the main international human rights treaties, and examines specific types of human rights and Canada's implementation of them.
An examination of the legal aspects of international organizations, including their powers, personality, and treaty-making functions in public international law. The course focuses on how international organizations are changing the traditional sources of legal obligation and influencing both the aims and process of public international law.
This course explores the key considerations in tax planning, such as tax planning techniques, income splitting and deferral, statutory and non statutory rules designed to prevent tax avoidance, professional responsibility, the use of advance income tax rulings, and negotiating with the Canada Revenue Agency. The emphasis is on tax planning for corporations, although personal and estate planning are also covered.
Prerequisite(s):Law 5220A/D and one of the courses in Corporate Taxation.
This course presents a detailed examination of the federal tax treatment of corporations and their shareholders. It also deals, to a limited extent, with the taxation of partnerships and their members. Examination of the statutory construction and the detailed sections of the Income Tax Act will be a central feature of this course.
Antirequisite(s): A Survey of the Taxation of Corporations and Shareholders.
This course provides an overview of the law of banks and banking. Areas of study may include bills of exchange, letters of credit, guarantees, loan syndications, swaps, foreign exchange transactions and international banking. The course focuses on the law applying to bank transactions, rather than on government regulation of banks.
An examination of the law governing insolvent corporations and individuals, this course considers bankruptcy and insolvency law principles arising under relevant federal and provincial legislation. Specific topics may include the initiation of bankruptcy proceedings, property of bankruptcy divisible among creditors, review of pre-bankruptcy transactions, ranking of creditors and the distribution of assets, and an introduction to alternatives to bankruptcy.
A study of the law of commercial transactions as it relates to the distribution, financing and sale of merchandise. The course examines the rights and obligations of consumers and sellers of goods. The course also examines the method of payment and financing of consumer and commercial transactions.
This course covers contractual, statutory and other legal concepts, processes and issues encountered within the film, television, music, sport media and digital media industries with emphasis on the primary contracts entertainment lawyers routinely draft and negotiate for clients in these industries. In-depth negotiation techniques and tactics are also covered.
This course examines the legal and business issues that arise in the field of franchising and distribution. This includes the legal definition and regulation of franchising, the nature and structure of the franchisor - franchisee relationship, franchise agreements, intellectual property and competition issues in franchise law and methods of franchising.
This course prepares students to understand and respond creatively to the fundamental contracting problems inherent in business transactions and deal-making. It focuses on the legal and practical considerations necessary to successful business negotiations and the potential for legal counsel to bring value to business transactions.
Extra Information: Three credits, one term. A prior Corporate Law course is recommended.
This course examines complex commercial restructuring and insolvency issues with a particular focus on Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act restructurings and issues arising out of some significant Canadian and cross-border restructurings.
Canada has the most comprehensive statute-based shareholder remedies in the common law world. Students will examine them against the historical background of less generous shareholder protection and statutes from other jurisdictions. Each student will write a paper on one of the remedies.
A study of the financing of personal property based on the Ontario Personal Property Security Act, the effect it will have on the chattel security law of Ontario and the relationship of that Act to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code of the United States upon which the Ontario Act is based.
This course provides students with in-depth insight into current important issues in the field of contract law. It is intended to equip the students to deal with contract problems in the future, by familiarizing them with current major issues and also by developing their analytical skills.
Antirequisite(s): Law 5870A/C/D, if taken in 2016-17, 2017-2018, or 2018-2019.
This seminar course will focus on one or more areas of tort law usually not covered in detail in the first-year course. These areas can include defamation, liability of public authorities, liability for pure economic loss, intentional economic torts, strict liability, vicarious liability, and occupiers' liability.
An examination of the juridical principles underlying the modern doctrine of restitution or unjust enrichment and of the various instances at common law or equity of the recovery of money in the absence of a contractual, proprietary or tortious basis for action.
This course introduces students to the major themes, works, ideas and research methodologies encountered in the academic study of business law. It will include presentations by visiting preeminent business and law scholars.
Antirequisite(s): Law 5867A/D, if taken prior to 2019.
This course explores various corporate law issues arising as a business grows from a start-up single owner corporation to a multi-jurisdictional corporation with public shareholders and a typical capital structure. Emphasis is placed on significant transactions that take place during this growth segment of the corporation's existence.
An examination of business situations in which significant legal problems arise because of financial insolvency. Case studies illustrate the legal problems which arise in the business environment. The course permits students in their final year to synthesize their business law courses in a problem solving format.
This course covers the fundamentals of Canadian competition law and policy, including the goals of Canadian competition law, market analysis, merger law, criminal conspiracies, and abuse of dominant position.
Legal aspects of corporate finance, including debt vs. equity financing, private company internal and external financing, secured transactions, equipment leasing and financing aspects of asset and share purchases and public security issuances. The class will examine an actual bank financing transaction.
This course will introduce students to the legal, regulatory, and public policy aspects of a variety of methods for effecting changes of corporate control including asset sales, amalgamations, takeover bids, and statutory plans of arrangement. Discussion of these topics will integrate legal rules with economic and financial principles.
This course provides a practice-oriented program in securities law through exposure to securities practitioners, regulators and investment bankers outside of a traditional classroom setting. Topics include public distributions, registration, continuous disclosure, related party transactions, take-over bids, and enforcement and securities litigation. Law 5210 is recommended prior to registering in this course.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is action by a business that goes beyond compliance with domestic law. The line between mandatory and voluntary ethical norms is far from clear. This course explores the theory and practice of CSR and the responsibilities of businesses to respect human rights in Canadian and transnational law.
This course examines many areas of law (mining, real property, contract, Aboriginal, environmental, securities regulation) that relate to mineral resource exploration and development and provide the basis for sustainable economic development, growth and prosperity in the Canadian mineral resource sector and internationally.
As a speakers series, the Faculty of Law will host scholars and practitioners from business, law, and earth sciences. Exploring sources of capital available to mining companies, including political and social factors affecting project risk, the course connects the multidisciplinary nature of financing of mineral resource exploration and sustainable development.
Insurance is essentially a narrow area of contract law. This course is a study of the formation, operation and execution of the insurance contact and the statutory regulation of the insurance industry, particularly the relationship between contracting parties.
A study of selected topics in copyright, trademark, industrial design and specialized protection regimes. Topics could include collective administration of copyright, copyright administration in the online environment, moral rights in the international context, domain name administration, the conduct of trademark opposition proceedings, and the convergence of distinguishing guise in trademark with industrial design and copyright.
Students will observe and participate in the work of WORLDiscoveries, helping researchers and local inventors commercialize their discoveries through licensing and new company start-ups. They will experience intellectual property law as applied in commercial ventures and may be exposed to corporate and contract law and litigation assessment and preparation.
Prerequisite: Law 5625 - Intellectual Property
Extra Information: Four credits, one term.
Limited to Third-year students. Entry by application only. Preference will be given to students in the Area of Concentration: Intellectual Property, Information and Technology.
An examination of the international and Canadian patent systems, including conditions for patentability, patent prosecution, patent litigation, and patent licensing. This course includes practical exercises in the identification and protection of patentable features and the commercial value in technological innovations.
An advanced course designed to solidify and potentially finalize a student’s law school education in the area of business law. Students will immerse themselves in the area and begin the transition from learning the law to practising it.
Antirequisite(s): Law 5882D, if taken prior to 2020.
An advanced course designed to solidify and potentially finalize a student’s law school education in the area of criminal law. Students will immerse themselves in the area and begin the transition from learning the law to practising it.
Antirequisite(s): Capstone: Law 5883D, if taken prior to 2020.
Emphasizing a comparative law approach, this course examines the law related to globally-significant issues such as genetically modified foods and animals, xenotransplantation, stem cell use, bio-informatics, bio-engineering and cloning.
This course discusses the health and pharmaceutical sectors from a variety of perspectives. It explores how intellectual property, licensing, personal data protection, federal and provincial initiatives and patient controls factor into the delivery of health services, as well as the respective roles of the public and private sectors.
This course consists of a survey of law of confidential information, patents, trademarks, copyright and related intellectual property protections. The course will emphasize development of the ability to select and explain the most appropriate legal devices to protect various aspects of marketing and business names, information, works in various media, commercial products and technology.
This course presents a comparative analysis of the Canadian Copyright Act with the laws of other selected jurisdictions. Emphasis will be placed on current issues and problems in the formation, implementation and evaluation of copyright policies, including critical analysis of pending legislation and the impacts of international treaties and agreements.
The course deals with the nature and sources of international protection for patents, trademarks and copyright. It covers treaties and international organizations that deal with these subjects, particularly the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). It also examines plurilateral and multilateral agreements in the field.
This course examines Canadian law and practice regarding the international sale of goods, services and intellectual property. It reviews basic instruments, documents and financing arrangements common to these transactions, and the major international agreements in the field. It also covers foreign direct investment, dispute settlement and ethical issues.
An advanced course designed to solidify and potentially finalize a student’s law school education in the area of intellectual property. Students will immerse themselves in the area and begin the transition from learning the law to practising it.
Antirequisite(s): Law 5916D, if taken prior to 2020.
A detailed study of some of the leading themes in contemporary Canadian and international labour law. Topics include human rights in the workplace, internal trade union democracy, American labour law, worker's compensation, international labour law, and current issues in labour arbitration.
This speaker series provides a focused review of the leading issues in the regulation of labour and employment law, led by a faculty professor, and taught by visiting labour law and industrial relations academics, legal decision-makers and practitioners who are experts in their specific workplace law topic.
This course examines the unionized workplace in Canada. Topics studied include human rights in the workplace, the enforcement of collective agreements, strikes, collective bargaining, and the relationship between unions and their members.
This course addresses three key questions that arise when private transactions or disputes have factual connections to more than one country: what courts have jurisdiction, what system of law will apply, and to what extent will a court's decision be recognized and enforced in another country.
Students will learn the procedural law and the tactical strategies of commercial litigation between private parties with cross-border elements. The course has a practical focus, examining when a court can take jurisdiction over commercial disputes and what law it will apply to resolve them. The course also covers the gathering of evidence abroad and the use of pre-trial injunctions.
Students compete in the annual Walsh Family Law Negotiation Moot. Working in teams of two and using facts in a family law dispute, students will negotiate with opposing teams in successive rounds of increasing complexity.
This course applies the substantive law acquired in other courses (Wills, Trusts, Family Law, and Income Taxation) to specific fact situations with a view to personal wealth tax planning. The course deals with the tax consequences of death, the taxation of trusts and estates, the taxation of inter-vivos gifts and other transfers, and includes income splitting and other methods of personal tax planning.
An introduction to the legal issues that arise during the sale, purchase and mortgaging of real property, with a focus on residential transactions. The course will include a review of condominium law, subdivision control and statutes commonly encountered in real estate transactions.
Land use planning law examines the legal framework determining and regulating how land will be used and developed. Key planning principles, provincial policy, regional and local plans, zoning, subdivision and site plan control are all examined.
The principle objective of this course is to provide students with an understanding of sports-related topics that are not widely discussed or published. The balance of the course involves an intensive analysis of the dispute resolution and disciplinary processes of different sport bodies.
This course deals with the question of labour arbitration. Seminars will examine topics of general importance. Students will be required to complete papers; lead discussion in the seminars; go to an actual arbitration hearing; draft an award; and participate in mock arbitrations.
The policy objectives, history and practicalities of class action litigation will be analyzed. Students are introduced to procedural and substantive elements of class actions through study of foundational case law, specific types of class actions and special, cutting-edge topics in the field. Plaintiff and defendant perspectives are contrasted and analyzed.
An examination of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) techniques including mediation, mini-trials, ombudspersons, fact finding, early neutral evaluation, and other alternatives to the litigation process. The course contrasts ADR with the litigation process, illustrating the greater control disputants have over their disputes by use of ADR.
This seminar trains students in negotiation and mediation theory and practice through lectures and student participation in many simulated negotiation and mediation exercises. Topics will include problem analysis, communication skills, distributive negotiation strategy and tactics, interest based strategy and tactics, and the norms and ethics associated with non litigation dispute resolution. Simulated exercises will include fact situations from civil litigation, corporate and commercial problems, and regulatory situations.
This seminar course provides students with the skills necessary to analyze the sources and nature of common types of conflict and the theory and practice of dispute resolution processes aimed at addressing such conflicts. It is taught through lectures and student participation in simulated negotiations.
Students participate in the Kawaskimhon Talking Circle, a national aboriginal law event, conducting research on aboriginal legal issues and dispute resolution traditions and preparing written and oral submissions. Course enrollment is by application, and students must demonstrate an interest in aboriginal law and nonadversarial dispute resolution processes.
Provides experience in the research and analysis of legal problems, the drafting of appellate documents, and the preparation and presentation of oral arguments. Students represent the Faculty in one of several external appellate advocacy competitions. Admission to the course is based on the student's performance in the Lerners LLP Cup, the Faculty's internal appellate advocacy competition.
Students represent the Faculty in the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition. They research and analyze legal problems, draft appellate court documents and prepare and present oral arguments. Admission to the course is by application.
Students represent the Faculty in the Canadian Harold G. Fox Intellectual Property Moot, experience the research and analysis of problems within, and connected to, intellectual property, drafting of appellate facta, and oral argument preparation and presentation. Admission is based upon curriculum vitae and, if invited, performance in an oral exercise.
Students compete in the Mathews Dinsdale Clark National Labour Law Moot and prepare a comprehensive writing assignment (usually an arbitration decision). The course provides experience in research, preparation, and advocacy of labour arbitration cases. Admission is based on performance in the Lerners LLP Cup (internal appellate advocacy competition).
Students represent the Faculty in the Arnup Cup trial advocacy competition. They research procedural and evidentiary issues, present evidence and argument at trial, and submit a paper on the legal issues raised. Admission to the course is based on performance in the Cherniak Cup, the Faculty's internal trial advocacy competition.
The course is aimed at developing a basic working knowledge of French legal terms and concepts in the context of legal practice in Ontario. Emphasis will be on developing oral and written skills and techniques through assignments, participation, and presentations in class.
This course is for the editorial board of the Western Journal of Legal Studies. Students are fully responsible for journal publication, including the solicitation and selection of articles, the editorial process, communication with authors, finances, publication and marketing. Students are expected to demonstrate critical judgment with respect to articles submitted for publication.
This course uses literary texts as a focus for discussing some of the fundamental questions surrounding the cultural representation of legal order. Among the topics to be considered are theories of the origins of law and the sources of legal authority, the social function of the law, the conflict between form and substance in legal discourse, the assessment of individual responsibility and the limits of legal liability, the legal relationship of the state and the individual, and the boundary between legality and morality.
This seminar course concerns central problems of Canadian Legal history in the 19th century. The focus is on law and society in Victorian Ontario, and on parallel developments in the United States and Britain. The course examines the bearing of law on issues including the advent of big business, labour unions, and the position of women in society. The techniques and politics of historical research and writing are also addressed.
This course concerns legal retribution and reconstruction after the Second World War. The first section will examine the legal history of the Nuremberg and Tokyo war crimes trials. The second will focus on the destruction and subsequent reconstruction of the constitutional order of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan.
This course focuses on legal language and persuasion. Students will study the "rules" of interpretation governing legislation. Using these rules, students will learn to persuade others to accept or reject a given meaning of legal texts. The overall emphasis is on the art of persuasion through the interpretation of law.
An advanced course that allows students to further develop their advocacy skills and to further understand specialized problems pertaining to litigation. Every student will be expected to handle a minimum number of files with Community Legal Services. A combination of seminars and exercises will help hone the students' skills.
This course provides an introduction to civil litigation and covers such topics as file management, interviewing, research, writing, the court system, settlement processes, direct examination and cross examination. Students will participate in exercises designed to help them understand and develop litigation skills and will use simulated files or files from the legal clinic.
This is a combined seminar/lecture course covering selected remedies with emphasis on common law damages, specific performance, injunctions, declarations, mandamus, and other extraordinary remedies. An interest in civil litigation research and preparation is expected.
Antirequisite(s): Law 5875 and the former Law 5795A/D.
A student wishing to undertake a major piece of research and writing under a faculty supervisor may apply to the Academic Policy and Programs Committee. Students may select this option only once in their law school career.
A student wishing to work on an independent reading and study project may apply to the Academic Policy and Programs Committee to undertake such a project. Projects may focus on any topic which has a significant legal component. Within this broad academic range, the exact focus and method of evaluation are to be determined by the faculty supervisor and student, subject to the approval of the Committee. Students may select this option only once in their Law School careers.