Academic Calendar 2013 Search Office of the Registrar Western Homepage
Academic Calendar 2017 UNDERGRADUATE COURSE INFORMATION Geography (SS)
ABOUT THE UNIVERSITY
UNDERGRADUATE SESSIONAL DATES
STUDENT SERVICES
ACADEMIC INFORMATION
STUDENT FINANCIAL SERVICES
FACULTIES
UNDERGRADUATE COURSE INFORMATION
FACULTY MEMBERS
AFFILIATED UNIVERSITY COLLEGES
GLOSSARY
NEW MODULES/PROGRAMS
FIRST YEAR AND PRELIMINARY YEAR UPDATES
TABLE OF CONTENTS




Geography (SS)
The Department of Geography cannot offer each year every course described in this Calendar. Please consult the Department for a list of current course offerings.
Geography 1100 - Fundamentals of Geography
A systematic descriptive introduction to the diverse elements of landscape including geomorphic, climatic, and biotic elements, human settlement and land-use patterns; cartographic approaches to the analysis of selected processes of landscape change; an introduction to the synthesis of elements and processes in spatial systems models.
Antirequisite(s): Geography 1300A/B, 1400F/G.
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 1.0 course.
back to top
Geography 1300A/B - Introduction to the Physical Environment
Physical Geography examines the phenomena and processes of the Earth-atmosphere system that underlie human environment interactions and environmental change. Topics include: the atmosphere and fundamentals of weather and climate, water in the environment, Earth surface processes and biogeography.
Antirequisite(s): Geography 1100, 2131A/B.
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 1400F/G - Introduction to the Human Environment
This course introduces students to the central problems, concepts, methods and applications of human geography. It pays particular attention to the ways humans interact with the world; for example, population growth, use of natural resources, culturally-based activities, urbanization and settlements, agricultural activities, and industrialization.
Antirequisite(s): Geography 1100.
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 1500F/G - Environment and Development Challenges
Examines environmental change over long periods of earth history, considering both physical processes and human impacts. An integrative approach provides a basis for understanding some of the world's most pressing environment and development challenges, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, climate change, energy consumption, and persistent hunger and malnourishment.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2010A/B - Geography of Canada
An overview of the regional geography of Canada. Topics considered may include demographics, culture, the economy, resources and environmental issues.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2011A/B - Ontario and the Great Lakes
A detailed examination of the province as part of the Great Lakes region, with special reference to its historical development, natural resources and patterns of human and economic activity.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2020A/B - Latin America and the Caribbean: Landscapes of Inequality
This course provides an introduction to the geography of Latin America and the Caribbean by examining how struggles for land, resources and labour have driven political, economic, social and environmental change in the region, from the European Conquest to the present.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2030A/B - Africa South of the Sahara
This course provides an introduction to the geography of Africa south of the Sahara. The course will take a systematic approach. Economic, political, social and environmental issues will be examined with a focus on contemporary patterns of change within the context of the global economy.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2040A/B - Geography of East and Southeast Asia
An introduction to the region. Issues examined include ethnic relationships, social structure, population distribution, environmental awareness and resource utilization.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2041A/B - Geography of China
This course adopts a geographic approach to understanding contemporary China. It examines how transformations of China’s land, people, economy, and society are recasting internal regional divisions and repositioning China in a rapidly changing world.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2045A/B - Russia and the Former Soviet Union: The Legacy
An introduction to the geography of Russia and its neighbours with an emphasis on the Soviet legacy. Topics covered will include resource and environmental issues, culture and nationalism, the economy and demographics.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2050A/B - Western Europe
Investigation of geographical factors in the political, economic and social patterns of Western Europe; selected themes and case studies.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2060A/B - World Cities
A global perspective on urbanism. In each session a selected city is used to emphasize a particular urban problem, urban spatial structure or world region.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2071F/G - World Rivers
This course introduces students to the interactions between rivers, their physiographic environments, and human activities.
Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2071A/B.
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 practical work hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2090A/B - Space Exploration
Survey of human activity in outer space, including history of spaceflight, scientific exploration, economic and military uses of space, natural resources and hazards, legal and ethical implications, and plausible future developments.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2130Y - Field Geography and Geology of Southwestern Ontario
A field-trip based course exploring the history and patterns of the geology, physical landscapes and resources of southwestern Ontario. Usually offered in the first half of the Fall semester; four mandatory, full day field excursions (transportation fee required) supported by a weekly lecture.
Antirequisite(s): Earth Sciences 2130Y.
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: Limited enrolment with preference given to students registered in a Major in Geography or Physical Geography; recommended to be taken in second year.   
back to top
Geography 2131A/B - The Natural Environment
An examination of the characteristics, origins and history of selected natural environments with particular reference to North America.
Antirequisite(s): Geography 1300A/B
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2132A/B - Digital Earth
This course uses online digital imagery and topography to access, analyze and interpret Earth surface landscapes and landscape change. Students are introduced to the use of digital landscapes, images and visualization software to explore and analyze the origin and development of selected landscapes in response to natural and human forces.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course
back to top
Geography 2133A/B - Climate Change
This course examines the processes that underlie natural and human-induced climate change at global and regional scales and describes the resultant climates that have existed, those projected to occur in the future, and what impacts climate change has and will have on the physical and human environment.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course
back to top
Geography 2142A/B - Geopolitics
An exploration of the geographical setting in which political decisions are taken. The history of the rise and fall of centres of power, the rise of supranational entities, ethnic wars, and the impermanence of international boundaries will be discussed.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2143A/B - Foundations of the Geography of World Business
Geographical theories of local and international trade; relationships between the location of production and flows of goods, services and factors of production among countries and regions; the geographical patterns of world commerce.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2144A/B - Geography of Tourism
Examination of tourism as a global, national and local phenomenon, with economic, social, and environmental impacts; emphasis on tourism in developing countries; hosts, guests, and tourism operators; tourism trends; mass versus alternative tourism; relationship between ‘ecotourism’ and nature protection.
Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2144F/G.
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2152F/G - Geography of Hazards
A survey of the methods and models used to understand human responses to hazards. The course reviews the rich tradition of hazards research in geography, particularly through the lens of social science. The course will include discussions of both so-called "natural hazards" (e.g., floods, fires, earthquakes) and "technological hazards" (e.g., nuclear technology, genetically modified organisms, terrorism, war) as examples.
Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2152A/B.
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2153A/B - Environment, Economy, and Society
The human uses of and impacts on environment and resources; the concept of sustainability; current resource issues.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2156A/B - Animal Geographies
Investigates the fast-changing geographies of animals in relation to global environmental change. The initial focus is on extinctions, endangerment, and broad population declines occurring among many wild animal species. The subsequent focus is on the soaring populations and conditions of life for a few species of domesticated animals.

Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course
back to top
Geography 2162A/B - Planning Sustainable Cities
Principles and processes of land use planning for urban and regional development; current issues and case studies.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2191A/B - Selected Topics in Geography
Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2192A/B - Selected Topics in Geography
Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2210A/B - Introduction to Spatial Analysis
An introduction to the nature of geographical data and the application of quantitative and statistical techniques and computing systems to spatial analysis; models of spatial data, probability, distributions, hypothesis testing and correlations.
Antirequisite(s): Biology 2244A/B, Economics 2122A/B, 2222A/B, Health Sciences 3801A/B, MOS 2242A/B, Psychology 2810, 2820E, 2830A/B, 2850A/B, 2851A/B, Social Work 2207A/B, Sociology 2205A/B, Statistical Sciences 2035, 2141A/B, 2143A/B, 2244A/B, 2858A/B, 2037A/B if taken prior to Fall 2010, the former Psychology 2885 (Brescia), the former Statistical Sciences 2122A/B, the former Social Work 2205.
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2220A/B - Geographic Information Science I
Fundamental concepts, geographic information representation and spatial data entry. Basic spatial analysis and remote sensing. Practical skills developed through use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or registration in a module in Science or in Engineering, in the Major in Physical Geography, or in the Commercial Aviation Management program in MOS.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2230A/B - Remote Sensing
Introduction to the principles, techniques, and geographic applications of remote sensing systems. Computer processing of remote sensing digital data. Interface of remote sensing data with geographic information systems.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or registration in a module in Science or in Engineering, in the Major in Physical Geography, or in the Commercial Aviation Management program in MOS.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2240A/B - Introductory Cartography
Introduction to cartographic theory, map design and drafting, including practical experience with many methods of graphic representation of spatial data.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography; or registration in the Commercial Aviation Management program in MOS.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2310A/B - Weather and Climate
Fundamentals of the physical processes underlying weather and climate; radiant energy, energy balances, clouds, atmospheric dynamics and thermodynamics; principles of the "Greenhouse Effect", mid-latitude cyclones and aspects of weather forecasting, severe weather phenomenon and atmospheric optics.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B; or 0.5 course from Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Calculus, Environmental Science or Physics at 1000-1999 level; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2320A/B - Introductory Biogeography
Spatial distributions of plants and animals; evolutionary and environmental controls on distributions; impacts of human settlement.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2330A/B - Geomorphology and Hydrology
Water and sediment cycles at the earth's surface and explanation of the resultant landforms; examples of response to environmental change; selected applications to environmental management.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012); or 0.5 course from Earth Sciences 1022A/B, 1070A/B, 1081A/B, or Environmental Science 1021F/G; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2410A/B - Social Geography
A geographical investigation of the links between spatial change and social processes. Selected topics will focus on the ways social relations, identities and inequalities are created and practiced over space, with examples from Canadian and international contexts.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G, or enrolment in any of the Global Culture Studies modules.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2411F/G - Indigenous Environments
The consequences of physical environmental change for Indigenous communities around the globe will be examined in relation to the processes of colonialism and environmental dispossession. Topics include: identity, culture, local economies, social functioning, food security and health.
Antirequisite(s): First Nations Studies 2601F/G.
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G or First Nations Studies 1020E; Women's Studies 1020E, Health Sciences 1001A/B and Health Sciences 1002A/B; Sociology 1020, 1021E, 1025A/B, 1026F/G, 1027A/B or enrolment in the Major in Ecosystem Health or in any of the Globalization Studies modules, or permission from the Instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2420A/B - Economic Geography
The forces reshaping global economic geography; fundamentals of spatial economics; principles of locational decisions; spatial interaction; and growth of spatial economic systems are examined. Examples of these concepts are taken from a variety of countries.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; Economics 1021A/B, 1022A/B; MOS 1021A/B, 1023A/B, or enrolment in any of the Globalization Studies modules.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2430A/B - Public Health and Environment
This course introduces students to current issues in public health and the environment. Theory, method and case study discussions focus on the important role of geography in understanding and explaining patterns of diseases, health and health care in communities, regions and nations.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G; Health Sciences 1001A/B and Health Sciences 1002A/B; Sociology 1020, 1021E, 1025A/B, 1026F/G, 1027A/B,  or enrolment in the Major in Ecosystem Health or in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2450F/G - Introduction to Resource and Environmental Management
A geographical introduction to natural resources and their management; juxtaposition of global and Canadian resources and environmental conditions and the human management response.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G, or enrolment in any of the Global Development Studies modules.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2460F/G - Introduction to Urban Development
Growth, structure and morphology in industrial and post-industrial cities; theories of, and empirical research on, urban form and structure; land development decision making; development feasibility modelling; urban land-use policy.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B, Environmental Science 1021F/G, or Economics 1021A/B or 1022A/B, or enrolment in any of the Global Development Studies or Globalization Studies modules.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2901A/B - Selected Topics in Geography
Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.
Antirequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 2902A/B - Selected Topics in Geography
Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.
Antirequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 4 hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3000Y - Field Methods and Practices
Departmental field trips to develop student skills in field-based observation, data collection and recording, and analysis and interpretation of human and physical landscapes.
Antirequisite(s): Geography 3001F/G.
Prerequisite(s): 3rd year status in any module in the Department of Geography except the minor; limited enrolment. Priority given to Specialization and Honors Specialization students.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: Sessions and dates by arrangements. Students should be prepared to meet the necessary travel and living expenses.
0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3001F/G - Community-Based Methods and Practices
This is an advanced community-based experiential course that combines in-class discussions with community based research. Students will train in methodologies and ethics of working with First Nations communities. Areas of research may include but not limited to ecological restoration, land claims, self-government, education, health and wellness and urban issues.
Prerequisite(s): Permission of the Department and  3rd  or 4th year status in any Specialization or Honors Specialization module in the Department of Geography.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3210A/B - Quantitative Analysis in Geography
Simple parametric and nonparametric statistical methods through multiple regression are introduced. Exploratory data analysis techniques are examined as a supplement to more traditional statistical methods. Geography specific techniques are also presented.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2210A/B or Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B and enrolment in a geography program or permission from the instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3211A/B - Spatial Statistics
Topics include exploratory spatial data analysis, global and local spatial statistics, spatial autocorrelation and interpolation, spatial regression models, and geographically weighted regression. The emphasis will be on developing analytical skills with practical applications using statistical software and Geographic Information Systems.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University, Geography 2220A/B and one of Geography 2210A/B, Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B, or other equivalent, or permission of the instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 lab hours, 0.5 course (main campus) Limited enrolment
back to top
Geography 3221A/B - Advanced Seminar in Geographic Information Science
The application of general principles of scientific modelling and visualization to geographic problems using a GIS and other relevant spatial information processing systems. Seminar/studio format with individual or team student projects.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2220A/B.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 seminar hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3222A/B - Geographic Information Science II
Methods and techniques in Geographic Information Science. Spatial data encoding from maps and geographic database implementation. Spatial interpolation and other modeling techniques. Integration of remote sensing, GIS and Visualization. Hands-on experience using ESRI, ArcGIS software.
Antirequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3223A/B - Decision-Making with GIS
Principles of integrating GIS and Decision Analysis. Selected GIS-based decision-making techniques are applied in practical sessions. A range of applications from both public and private sector organizations are covered.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2220A/B.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 practical work hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3231A/B - Advanced Topics in Remote Sensing
Themes to be considered may include: advanced computer analysis of digital satellite and airborne data (optical, infrared and radar), advanced image classification methods, texture analysis, change detection, automatic linear feature extraction, structural pattern recognition and remote sensing applications. Remote sensing software will be used in lab.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2230A/B or the former Geography 307a/b.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3250A/B - Social Science Research Methods in Geography
A survey of a range of social scientific methods for studying humans (e.g., interviews, questionnaires); with an emphasis on research designs involving human interaction. Topics include identifying research problems, questions and designs, sources of error, ethics and values in research, methods of data collection, data analysis and presentation of findings.
Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2250A/B.
Prerequisite(s): Two full courses in Geography and third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3260A/B - Environmental Modelling
Examination of spatially and temporally distributed environmental models that use Geographic Information Systems and remote sensing techniques. Modelling of watershed systems, focusing on the energy, water, and biogeochemical cycles. Prediction of environmental and/or ecological change on watershed systems.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University  including Geography 2210A/B, 2220A/B and at least one of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B, 2330A/B or the former 2340A/B, or equivalent.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 practical hours, 0.5 course.
Limited enrolment.
back to top
Geography 3311A/B - Micrometeorology
Principles of weather and climate at micro-, local, and meso-scales; processes associated with transfer of heat, mass, and momentum and resulting climates near the surface; local winds, fog, urban climates and air pollution.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program. (A 1000-1099 level course in Applied Mathematics, Mathematics, or Physics is also recommended).
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3312A/B - Human Impacts on Weather and Climate
An examination of modified weather and climates due to human activities on scales ranging from local modification of microclimates in urban areas to global climate change due to changes in atmospheric composition. The processes underlying the changes are examined as well as the methods of detecting the changes.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program or Physics 2070A/B.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3333A/B - Drainage Basin Geomorphology
Analysis of drainage basin form and process, including fluvial processes on hillslopes, channel networks, the drainage basin sediment cascade, response of drainage basins to environmental change and selected applications to drainage basin management.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3334A/B - Geomorphology of River Channels
The geomorphology of rivers, including fluvial hydraulics, fluvial erosion and sediment transport, river channel morphology and dynamics, channel and floodplain sedimentation, the response of rivers to human activities and environmental change, and applications to river channel management.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3341A/B - Hydrology
The relationship between rainfall and runoff, including the influence of vegetation and soil-water systems; runoff from snow and ice; the hydrological role of lakes and rivers.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3342A/B - Groundwater Hydrology
The distribution and movement of groundwater; evaluation and monitoring of groundwater resources with respect to their extraction, pollution and remediation.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3343A/B - River Ecosystems
This course introduces students to riverine ecosystems. General principles of the physical, chemical and biological patterns and processes of river systems are presented in a landscape context. The course emphasizes human driven landscape changes in the health and sustainability of river systems and teaches techniques for river monitoring and assessment.
Antirequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour, 0.5 course.  
back to top
Geography 3350A/B - Environmental Change
The evidence, causes, and chronology of environmental change, with emphasis on the Holocene in North America.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3352A/B - Paleolimnology and Global Environmental Change
This course provides students with an introduction to paleolimnology, which uses the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of lake sediments to determine past environments.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program, or Biology 2483A, 2484A, 2485B.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3411A/B - Cultural Geography
An examination of contemporary theories in cultural geography - ideology, identity, power, and space - and their application to contemporary issues such as class, consumption, gender, media, and racism. Emphasis is placed upon understanding and critiquing the social and political processes giving rise to cultural practices in their spatial contexts.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University. Two full courses in Geography or equivalent, or enrolment in the Minor in Environment and Culture, in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3412F/G - Geography of Gender
An examination of the spaces of masculinity and femininity; theories, concepts and selected topics. Issues addressed include spatial divisions of gender and social constructions of male and female roles and places.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3415A/B - Geographic Perspectives on Law and Society
Law influences and sometimes determines spatial and environmental relations and, dialectically, these transform law. This course introduces geographic approaches, such as impact analysis, class and gender studies and discourse analysis, to law. It surveys topics such as the spacing of urbanism and social, cultural and environmental regulation.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 seminar hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3416F/G - Urban Culture of Public Spaces
A geographic investigation of urban culture focusing on the design, use and identities of urban public spaces as evidenced through systematic observations of social life in urban public settings. Relevant concepts, theories, and field methods are applied to guide and critique the investigation.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Two full courses in Geography and third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3421A/B - Location Theory and Analysis
An examination of public and private facility location theory. Industrial location, retailing and public facility location approaches are discussed. GIS-based techniques for location analysis are applied in practical sessions.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2420A/B or permission of the instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 practical work hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3422A/B - The Geography of International Business
An examination of the spatial behavior of large corporations and the impact on regional economics. Investment pattern, interorganizational linkages and organizational change will be discussed.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2420A/B, or Geography 2143A/B with a grade of at least 70%, or enrolment in the Bachelor of Management and Organizational Studies.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 seminar hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3431A/B - Geography of Health and Health Care
A critical examination of the major themes in the geography of health and health care. The focus will be on the importance of understanding place, space and environment as they relate to health. Geographical aspects of health inequalities, access and utilization will be explored.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2430A/B or a related 2000-level course in Health Sciences, Sociology or Psychology, or permission of the instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3432A/B - Environmental Hazards and Human Health
This is a survey course regarding the links between human health and environmental hazard exposure. Issues will include the health impacts of water pollution, air pollution, solid and hazardous waste, toxic substances, pesticides and radiation. The limitations of models and methods are discussed.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3441F/G - Conservation and Development
Examines struggles between conservation and economic development in a North-South context, setting the transformation of natural ecosystems and impoverishment of biodiversity in a political economic context that includes disparities in wealth, consumption, and ‘ecological footprints’
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University. Two full courses in Geography or equivalent, or enrolment in the Minor in Environment and Culture, in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor. 
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3442F/G - Geographies of Development
A thematic course on the geography of development. Common explanations for poverty and underdevelopment are critically assessed. Covers a range of scales (local, national, international, global) to demonstrate how processes operating at various scales interact to produce uneven geographical outcomes.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University. Two full courses in Geography or equivalent, or enrolment in the Minor in Environment and Culture or in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3443F/G - Energy and Power
This course investigates the political ecology of energy. Issues of politics and power, social equity, and environmental impact are examined through Canadian and international case studies. The concept of ‘energy justice’ is used both to critically assess current patterns of energy production and use and to explore more sustainable possibilities.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3445F/G - Global Agriculture and Food Systems
Food is a basic human need and agriculture is one of the most fundamental ways that societies interact with their habitats. This course examines the diversity of world agriculture and the rise of a dominant industrial system, focusing on both the social and environmental dimensions of agrarian change.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3453F/G - Water Resources Management
The examination of concepts and methodologies utilized in the management of water. Lectures and tutorials will focus on water management strategies and their legal, administrative, economic and political implications. Topics of discussion include the watershed concept, demand management, and interbasin water transfers.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2450F/G and third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3461F/G - Land Use and Development Issues
Critical examination of current land use and development projects; students are required actively to participate in the discussions.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 seminar hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3462F/G - Land Use Planning
Basic techniques for preparing, implementing, and applying land use plans and zoning controls.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 seminar hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3463F/G - Housing
This course explores the geography of housing in North American cities from an historical perspective, with a detailed investigation of the effects of land development, construction, financing, planning, public policy, demographics and lifestyle changes on the production and consumption of residential landscapes.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3464F/G - Financial Feasability of Urban Developments
The object of the course is to expose students to the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of urban form and structure. A major focus is on static development feasibility models and their application to understanding urban change. The course provides a hands-on experience for students to build financial feasibility models of urban developments.
Antirequisite(s):        
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2460F/G. Business Administration 2257 is strongly recommended.        
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3465F/G - Urban Economic Development and Policy
This course examines policies used in economic development to ensure growth and competitiveness of urban economies. Topics include theories of urban economic development, analytical techniques for evaluating urban economies, business recruitment and retention policies, creative economy and quality of life policies, technology policies, and place-based economic development policies.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status; At least one of Geography 1400F/G, 2210A/B, 2220A/B, 2420A/B or 2460F/G.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3466F/G - Transportation and the City
This course introduces students to the geography of urban transportation from a behavioral perspective. The course has three components: developing theories, constructing analytical models, and conducting empirical tests of the concepts and theories. Case studies will cover various modes of transportation: air, railway, bus, ocean freight, and private vehicle.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2210A/B* and 0.5 from Economics 1021A/B, Geography 2143A/B, 2420A/B, or permission of the instructor. (*One of the following courses can substitute for Geography 2210A/BBiology 2244A/B, Economics 2122A/B, 2222A/B, Health Sciences 3801A/B, MOS 2242A/B, Psychology 2810, 2820E, 2850A/B, 2851A/B, the former Psychology 2885, Social Work 2207A/B, the former Social Work 2205, Sociology 2205A/B, Statistical Sciences 2141A/B, 2143A/B, 2244A/B, 2858A/B and the former Statistical Sciences 2122A/B).
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lab/tutorial hour, 0.5 course
back to top
Geography 3900 - Internship
Preparatory workshops and an 8-16 month placement with a government, private sector or non-governmental organization to acquire professional learning experience. Following the internship, students will produce a written report and do an oral presentation on work undertaken during the internship.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Completion of second year of a Geography Honors program with a minimum average of 70%. Participation in preparatory workshops.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: Non-credit, 3.0 course. Pass/Fail.
Notes: ·This credit cannot be included in the number of courses counted towards any degree or program.
·Successful completion of Geography 3900 will be recognized on a student's transcript.
·International students may participate in this course provided they find an Internship placement in a jurisdiction where they are legally permitted to work.
back to top
Geography 3901A/B - Selected Topics in Geography
Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Two full courses or equivalent in Geography. Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 3 hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 3902A/B - Selected Topics in Geography
Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Two full courses or equivalent in Geography. Third or fourth year status at the University.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 4 hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 4000A/B - The Nature and Philosophy of Geography
Discussion of geographical paradigms within an historical and social context. A central concern is the relationship between the academic and professional practice of geography.
Antirequisite(s):     
Prerequisite(s): Fourth year status, and enrolment in a Specialization, Major or Honors Specialization in the Department of Geography.      
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 4100A/B - Geography and Change
This advanced seminar focuses on effective strategies for the implementation of constructive change. Core constructs are examined and students use a variety of media to develop skill sets related to the facilitation of constructive change. A heavy premium is placed on active engagement both individually and in group activities.
Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 3452A/B.
Prerequisite(s): Two courses or equivalent in Geography and third or fourth year status at the University or permission from the instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 4220A/B - The GeoWeb and Geomedia
This course explores the challenges and opportunities of citizens’ production, access, dissemination and use of Internet-based geospatial data (the geoweb) including locational and still/video imagery. Explores issues of ethics, privacy, research design and citizen engagement via the geoweb.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Fourth year status and Geography 2220A/B, or permission of instructor.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 4460F/G - Real Estate and the Cities
The object of the course is to expose students to the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of urban form and structure. A major focus is on understanding the theories, acquiring the techniques to test the theories, and critiquing the approaches employed for the empirical tests.
Antirequisite(s): MOS 4314F/G.         
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2210A/B, MOS 2242A/B, Statistical Sciences 2035 or equivalent and 4th year standing in any Geography or MOS modules.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
back to top
Geography 4900E - Thesis
A thesis on a geographical problem including the results of field work, cartographic representation, and a study of the relevant literature.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Fourth year status, and enrolment in an Honors program with a Specialization or Major in the Department of Geography.      
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: Hours by arrangement, 1.5 course.
back to top
Geography 4901E - Thesis (Science)
A thesis on a geographical problem in the natural, physical or technical sciences.
Antirequisite(s):
Prerequisite(s): Fourth year status, and enrolment in an Honors program with a Specialization or Major in the Department of Geography.
Corequisite(s):
Pre-or Corequisite(s):
Extra Information: Hours by arrangement, 1.5 course.
back to top
Academic Calendar 2017 UNDERGRADUATE COURSE INFORMATION Geography (SS)
Decision Academic