Completion of first-year requirements, including the following 1.5 courses with an average of at least 70% and with no mark less than 60%: Economics 1021A/B and Economics 1022A/B; and Calculus 1000A/B, or Calculus 1500A/B. (Engineering students and Science students may substitute Economics 2001A/B for Economics 1021A/B and Economics 1022A/B, and Applied Mathematics 1413 for Calculus 1000A/B or Calculus 1500A/B. Please contact the department for details.)
3.0 courses: Economics 2220A/B, Economics 2221A/B, Economics 2222A/B, Economics 2223A/B, Economics 2260A/B, Economics 2261A/B.*
0.5 course from: Economics 3332A/B, Economics 3353A/B, Financial Modelling 2555A/B, Financial Modelling 3520A/B, Financial Modelling 3613A/B.
0.5 course: in Economics at the 3000 level.
2.0 additional courses from: Economics at the 2200 or 3000 level,** Epidemiology 4615B.
*Students who have taken a full or half course in introductory statistics at the 2100 level or higher in the Department of Statistical and Actuarial Sciences can substitute that course for Economics 2222A/B towards the module requirements (exception: if the statistics course is being used in another module, no credit overlap is allowed, and students are required to replace Economics 2222A/B with another 0.5 course in Economics at the 2200 level or higher). Students who have completed any other introductory statistics course listed as an antirequisite to Economics 2222A/B must replace Economics 2222A/B with 0.5 course in Economics at the 2200 or 3000 level.
**Students who have not taken Economics 3310A/B may substitute up to 0.5 course from the following list toward this requirement: Calculus 2502A/B, 2503A/B; any Mathematics course numbered 2100 or higher; Applied Mathematics 2402A or the former Differential Equations 2402A, Applied Mathematics 2811B, the former Applied Mathematics 2813B, Applied Mathematics 3811A/B, Applied Mathematics 3813A/B, Applied Mathematics 3815A/B, Applied Mathematics 3911F/G, the former Applied Mathematics 4353B, Applied Mathematics 4613A/B, Applied Mathematics 4617A/B, Applied Mathematics 4815A/B, Applied Mathematics 4817A/B, Financial Modelling 3817A/B.
Students who have completed Economics 2150A/B, Economics 2151A/B, Economics 2152A/B and Economics 2153A/B with an average of 80% and no mark less than 75%, and who have taken Calculus 1000A/B or Calculus 1500A/B or the former Calculus 1100A/B with a mark of at least 60%, may enter the Major and be exempt from taking Economics 2220A/B, Economics 2221A/B, Economics 2260A/B and Economics 2261A/B. Students who have completed these requirements and have also completed Economics 2122A/B and Economics 2123A/B with an average of 80% and no mark less than 75% will be exempt from taking Economics 2222A/B and Economics 2223A/B.
Note: Students considering graduate study in economics or finance should take certain advanced economics courses and additional mathematics and are strongly advised to consult with the Undergraduate Coordinator.